POSIDONIUS° (c. 135–c. 51/50 B.C.E.), Greek philosopher, ethnologist, scientist, and historian from Apamea in Syria, one of cicero 's teachers. He lived on the island of Rhodes. No book of his survives, though his influence was great. His voluminous writings included a history and ethnology of the Jews, who were treated also in his book on Pompey. The anti-semitic accusations he retailed in his writing (on Jewish asocial behavior, misanthropy, impiety, inhumane religion and rites) reflected common Hellenistic opinions and attitudes, and later found wide echoes, e.g., in Apion (according to Jos., Apion, 2:79). His antisemitic remarks can be reconstructed from the more or less close paraphrase of Posidonius by Diodorus Siculus (as quoted in Photius, Bibliotheca, 244; 379), including the story that Antiochus Epiphanes found a statue of a bearded man seated on an ass in the Holy of Holies. However, if, as is likely, the respectful appraisal of Moses and his beliefs found in Strabo 16:2, 35ff. also derives from Posidonius, it is probable that the latter did not concur fully in the slanders he related. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Reinach, Textes, 56–59; F. Jacoby, Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 2A (text, 1926), 222–317, no. 87; 2A (1926), 154–220 no. 87. (Daniel E. Gershenson)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Posidonius — (Greek: Ποσειδώνιος / Poseidonios) of Apameia (ὁ Απαμεύς) or of Rhodes (ὁ Ρόδιος) (ca. 135 BCE 51 BCE), was a GreekGeorge Sarton (1936). The Unity and Diversity of the Mediterranean World , Osiris 2, p. 406 463 [430] .] Stoic [Encyclopaedia… …   Wikipedia

  • Posidonius — Posidonĭus, der Rhodier, stoischer Philosoph, geb. um 135 v. Chr. zu Apamea in Syrien, gest. um 50 in Rom; Fragmente gesammelt in Müllers »Fragmenta historica Graecorum«, Bd. 3, erklärt von Hultsch (1897) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Posidonius — Posidonius, Einsiedler in der Porphyritis, aus Aegypten, wird bei Migne genannt …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Posidonius — Posidonius, geb. um 135 v. Chr. zu Apamea in Syrien, ausgezeichneter Geschichtschreiber, Mathematiker und Astronom, Freund des Cicero und Pompejus, st. 51 v. Chr.; die in andern Schriftstellern enthaltenen Fragmente der Schriften des P. gab Bake… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Posidonius — Posidonios Posidonios (en grec ancien Ποσειδώνιος / Poseidốnios) est un philosophe grec stoïcien né à Apamée en 135 av. J. C. et mort à Rome en 51 av. J. C.. Il est le sixième scolarque du Portique, à la mort de Panaïtios de Rhodes en 112 av. J.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Posidonius — Poseidonios von Rhodos Poseidonios (griechisch Ποσειδώνιος; latinisiert Posidonius; * 135 v. Chr.; † 51 v. Chr.) war ein bedeutender griechischer Philosoph, Geschichtsschreiber und Universalgelehrter des klassischen Altertums aus dem syrischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • POSIDONIUS — I. POSIDONIUS Olbiopolita, historicus, qui Atticas historias libris 4. scripsit: Item Libycam libris 11. Item de regione Tyria; adhaec de Oceano, et aliis, quae iuxta eum sunt, atque alia nonnulla. Suidas. II. POSIDONIUS melius Possidius, Africae …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Posidonius — See Stoicism …   History of philosophy

  • POSIDONIUS —    an eminent Stoic philosopher, born in Syria; established himself in Rhodes, where he rose to eminence; was visited by Cicero and Pompey, both of whom became his pupils; maintained that pain was no evil; in vain, O Pain, he exclaimed one day… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • POSIDONIUS D’APAMÉE — (POSIDONIUS D’APAMÉE 135 POSIDONIUS D’APAMÉE 51) Philosophe stoïcien grec, élève de Panétius, Posidonius d’Apamée, après de nombreux voyages, se fixa à Rhodes, où Cicéron et Pompée vinrent entendre ses leçons. Tous ses écrits sont perdus: on n’en …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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